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dimanche 23 janvier 2011

Principles of Instruction


Rosenshine, Barak

Principles of instruction

Educational practices series; 21


Publ: 2010; 31 p.





Ce livret porte sur les méthodes les plus efficaces d'enseignement et présente dix principes fondés sur la recherche en enseignement. Ces principes proviennent de trois sources: (a) la recherche sur la façon dont le cerveau acquiert et utilise de nouvelles informations; (b) la recherche sur les pratiques en classe des enseignants dont les élèves montrent les plus fortes progressions, et (c) les résultats d’études relatives aux stratégies d'apprentissage des élèves. Des suggestions pour la pratique en classe sont également incluses.

Même si cette publication est basée sur des recherches menées principalement dans les pays économiquement avancés, elle se concentre sur les aspects de l'apprentissage et de l’enseignement des langues qui sont universels. Par conséquent, les pratiques proposées ici sont susceptibles d'être appliquées dans le monde entier de façon générale.



This booklet is about the most effective methods of teaching. It has been prepared for inclusion in the Educational Practices Series developed by the International Academy of Education and distributed by the International Bureau of Education and the Academy. As part of its mission, the Academy provides timely syntheses of research on educational topics of international importance. This booklet is the twenty-first in the series on educational practices that generally improve learning.



The booklet author Barak Rosenshine was educated in the schools of Chicago. He received a B.A. and M.A. from the University of Chicago and then taught United States History in the Chicago Public Schools Later, he earned and a Ph.D. from Stanford University. He has long been on the faculty of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, which is well known for attracting graduate students from economically developing countries. Many of these students studied with Professor Rosenshine. Rosenshine’s work on teaching has been honored by the American Educational Research Association and the American Federation of Teachers.


The officers of the International Academy of Education are aware that this booklet is based on research carried out primarily in economically advanced countries. The booklet, however, focuses on aspects of language learning and instruction that are universal. The practices presented here are likely to be generally applicable throughout the world. Indeed, they might be especially useful in countries that are currently less developed economically. Even so, the principles should be assessed with reference to local conditions, and adapted accordingly. In any educational setting or cultural context, suggestions or guidelines for practice require sensitive and sensible application, and continuing evaluation.


HERBERT J. WALBERG

Editor, IAE Educational Practices Series
Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, United States of America
SUSAN J. PAIK
Series Co-Editor
Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, CA, United States of America